Genetic Testing

 

Our Standard Poodle adults are completely genetically tested and their results are registered with VETGEN, Genetic Disease Control/ CERF, OFA and PENNHIP.  The testing of our Standard Poodles is updated annually and is quantifiable by registry.

Our genetic testing consists of the recommended types by the Poodle Club of America (PCA) and are as follows:

Hips, Elbows, Patellas, Eyes for Entropion, Juvenile Cataracts, Progressive Retinal Atrophy, vWD (Von Willebrands) by DNA, Congenital Cardiac Screening, Addisons (Blood), Thyroid (Blood), Sebaceous Adenitis (Skin Punch), JRD/Juvenile Renal Disease by DNA at Dogenes.COM, ONT, CAN and Neonatal Encephalopathy/Ataxia by DNA at the University of Missouri Vet Lab. (Thyroid, Sebaceous Adenities, Addisons and Eyes are tested/updated, registered annually.)

There are many medical issues in all canine breeds that are being studied at various Veterinary colleges. 

The Orthopedic Foundation Website Offers DNA test kits for many breeds, specifically the Standard Poodle for NEwS, Neo Natal Encephalopathy and DM, Degenerative Myelopathy.

The Cost is $65 for each DNA-based test which includes registration in their database.  Refer to www.offa.org and click on the "Order DNA Kits" from the line up on the left side of the OFA home page.

In 2009, DM or Degenerative Myelopathy became one of the new DNA markers available for the Standard Poodle breed and many of us are now testing our Standard Poodles in our breeding programs to identify the marker for the disease.

DM / Degenerative Myelopathy resembles Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis affecting the Upper and lower Motor Neuron Systems.   Weakness and Muscle Atrophy is onset culminating in paralysis and death.   The disease is known to onset at 8 years of age.   This DNA marker is another identification brought about by the University of Missouri. 

Strength is in Unity and if we all strive to educate each other, we all become better at what we do.  That is a Universal Coloborative Goal toward making the Standard Poodle breed Better and Better.  The more we discover by Testing and planned breedings, the breed Strengthens and Improves.
   
Genetic testing and study make breeders more aware of their breeding combinations and how to better their breed through the puppies that are produced.

Many of the Veterinary labs offer free studies for dogs that are suspected of being affected with various illnesses or diseases, such as Epilepsy, Addisons and select anxiety disorders to name a few. 

These studies, when opened, run during a time window and are often published on the websites of the Science labs that are hosting the study and in various canine publications as well.

Currently, The University of Missouri which has a great veterinary neurological discipline, is considering a study on Poly Mico Gyria for the Standard Poodle. This is a disease of the brain in Standard Poodles that affects the Folds / Layers in the brain which are not correctly formed in Utero. The pups may have symptoms  of uncoordination in gait,  lack of concentration and focus.

Testing in the Standard Poodle Breed Specific, is continuous and ongoing.  Knowledge is power and testing is  the  Key to making the breed stronger, healthier and better for the years ahead.

We strive for optimum health. In our journey to continue our line of Standard Poodles, we are health testing all of our poodles, starting with Eye CERF exams at 8 weeks and follow with DNA Based testing for N/E and vWD.  We start our poodle puppies OFA health registry, of all genetic test results with these early tests.  In addition to the registerable results depicted in our first paragraph of information, we complete an annual CBC Blood panel.

To research a health record for any canine with OFA, refer to their website, www.offa.org and go to the "Search" icon.   A health file and the information on the tested canines in the pedigree are available online if the results have been registered by the owner of record.

The health records on the OFA website are Public information and can be referenced by the Canines assigned number(s): AKC (American Kennel Club) , CHIC (Canine Health Information Center) and/or the FULL AKC registered name of the canine.

To acheive a CHIC, Canine Health Information Number, on a Standard Poodle, there are 3  MINIMUM Registerable Genetic Testing requirements set by the PCA , Poodle Club of America.  There are many tests available that are in addition to these 3 minimum requirements.  The basics for the CHIC # assignment  are as follows:

  1. Hips- Xray
  2. Eyes-CERF
  3. and/or one of the following:
  • Thyroid-T3/T4 by BLOOD
  • Sebaceous Addenitis-S/A- Skin Test
  • Cardiac by Cardiaologist/Doppler

Semen Tank (Nitrogen)Inside Semen TankInside Semen Tank

Many breeders have the need to seek out additional bloodlines for their annual breeding programs and need to bring in frozen semen or fresh chill semen for special breedings. 

On January 29, 2010, we picked up a nitrogen tank with 6 very special breedings from a Red stud and a Silver stud from the Arizona Area to incorporate breedings from in our 2010 and 2011 breeding plans.  We chose to personally transport the tank from AZ to CA as we were at a dog show in AZ and wanted to be sure our breedings made it safe, bank to bank.

Above shows the shipping tank shell in our vehicle during transport, the inner nitrogen charged tank and what the tank looks like when it is opened and the "Sticks" full of frozen semen is taken out for use or storage.

We have several of our boys in the semen bank as does our co-breeders and we use the International Canine Semen bank in N. California, Arizona and S. Texas, http://www.ik9sb.com/.

This is an interesting method for breeding and is in alot of ways, very easy and less stressful for our girls as we do not have to ship them for breedings using our local Repro Vet for implant or trans cervical implant. 

 Cervical Implant Process Cervical Implant Process Cervical Implant Process Cervical Implant Process

The method of implant breeding for Canines that is very popular is called a Trans Cervical implant and can occur while the Canine is under a mild form of anestisia and NOT general anestisia.

Pictured above is the warming pallet that the frozen semen is warmed to 101.6 degrees, the microscope slide is warmed and the semen is placed on the slide and looked at under the lens for a sperm count/motility check.

Following the review under the microscope, the next picture shows the semen drawn into a syringe and placed by the Exam gloves ready for implant when the Vetrinary Surgeon calls for the semen to implant.  The Vet Tech that is on the microscope is Bridgette Higgenbothem at the Grass Valley International Semen Bank, www.icsbgrassvalley.com.

The method shown on the picture with the Vet holding the endoscope is Dr. Susan Klopfer, DVM   at the Brunswick Vet clinic in Grass Valley , CA (530) 477-2287 .  Dr. Klopfer  is using the scope to show the transcervical method and how the process works.   It is a less invasive procedure than the surgical implant which is accomplished under general anestisia.    The endescope is inserted into the female and the semen is injected directly thru the endescope,  into the cervix using an Indwelling Cathedar tube.    The Standard Poodle undergoing the practice procedure is our Multi Champion Missy on Wednesday, March 3, 2010.

Missy Cervical Implant Procedure Missy Cervical Implant Procedure

Missy Cervical Implant Procedure Missy Cervical Implant Procedure

   Missy Cervical Implant Procedure

On Wednesday March 3, 2010, our Multi Champion Missy was surgically implanted with the semen from CH Pinafore Winds of Change.  We call him Quigley.

The semen was picked up at the Semen bank in Chandler AZ in JAN 2010 and is in the tank in the first set of pictures on this page.

When our Missy's Progesterone rose to a level of 20 Nanograms,  the surgical implant took place by Dr. Jacob Schuff, DVM at the Brunswick Vet clinic in Grass Valley CA (530) 477-2287.   Bridgette Higgenbothem, RVT from the ICSB in Grass Valley assisted in the implant procedure.

The pictures above show our Missy intibated and on the operating table in the clinic ready for the procedure.    Dr. Schuff made the incision into her abdomen, inspected her uterus for Pyomeatria and any associated issues, all was well and called for the semen to be inserted.

Bridgette brought the syringe in, the semen heated to 101.6 degrees, was implanted by the catheter tube.  Half the semen injected in one uterine horn and the remaining semen in the other horn.   We are hopeful fertilization of the mature eggs occured and we will have a litter of silver and white puppies in May 2010.

Dr. Schuff then surgically closed the incision and the staff began the process to awake Missy for her trip home following surgery.    The pictures shows the process from the time Missy was put under anesthesia thru the surgery and the completion of the  procedure.

Missy Pup Born 5-01-10Missy and Pups Born 5-01-10Missy Pups Born 5-01-10

Our implant by Dr. J Schuff at the Brunswick Clinic In Grass Valley on March 3, 2010 was successful! Our Missy gave birth, 60 days post-implant to 8 puppies on May 1, 2010.   Thank you Dr Schuff, Bridgette of ICSB and MISSY!

                      Ultrasound Picture of Pups in Utero   Ultrasound Picture of Pup in Utero

These pics show a sonogram of puppies in Utero at approx. 4 weeks of gestation.     Visable are the 5 sacs that have the embryos clearly shown and the next view at 6 weeks of genetation that shows the puppies face, body and limbs forming.

We elect to have Ultra Sound images VS Xrays when there is question regarding numbers of puppies in utero or we are seeking additional information on our litter.   These images are very clear and show quite abit of detail.

Puppy Xrays In Utero

It was possible that a C-section could have been needed for one of our girls, so the vet wanted an Xray to count actual pups. This Xray shows 7 in Utero and that is what our girl gave birth to via natural birthing and no surgical intervention.


When a puppy leaves our home, we prepare a binder of information that includes information on the backgound of the parents both in PEDIGREE, HEALTH, TESTING, CHAMPIONSHIP ACCOMPLISHMENTS and PICTURES of  the Puppy Parents.  We also include a Puppy Health Record, feeding schedule, raw and prepared food and a Puppy Starter Layette.

The  current Health Record included is SPECIFIC to each puppy.  This record includes the Vaccination and preventative parasitic control schedule, PRE PAID Microchip Registration Form and dates of follow up health care needs.  The Health record looks like:  

Health Record

A CHIC,Canine Health Information Center, Certificate looks like: 

Hailey CHIC

The Certificates from OFA on Registerable tests come in an array of colors and are similar to these:

OFA Certificates

Many other forms that accompany a health pack like CERF for Eyes, JRD (Juvenile Renal Disease) results, and/or DDC or VET GEN Labs for DNAColor/Coat analysis, have headings similar to these:

CERF Certificate JRD Certificate Lab Certificates

Hip Diagram       Healthy Hips

This is a diagram and picture of healthy Hips that would gain an OFA rating of Good.   There is much more to Solid Orthopedic health in a Canine than genetics.   Healthy Diet and Proper Exercise play an important Role as well.

There are 3  raters for OFA review  on Hip and Elbow Xrays, independant of each other.  The 3 ratings are  averaged and the canine is granted an OFA rating by Prelim, under 2 years of age  or by Number, after 2 years of age.

The hips are judged by the manner in which the ball is in the hip socket itself (Depth).  This is a simplistic explanation as my Vet, Dr. Robort Nelson of Nelson Veterinary Services (530) 258-7264 says it. 

After your Canine is sedated and Xrayed, your vet should review the radiographic findings  with you and explain what to expect from OFA.  After submission to OFA by XRAY, the wait takes  3 to 5 weeks for written response.  The cost for Hips and Elbows, to include the OFA fees can run from $100 to $300 depending on vet fees charged.

The Other forms are Extended Pedigrees,  AKC DNA Parentage Certificates on Both Parents, Championship Certificates and information from the Canadian Kennel Club if Applicable. The Form Headers look like: 

AKC Certificates

Cody's UKC Championship Certificate

Cody Ranked 7th Poodle in 2008

The bite in a Show Prospect Canine must be a perfect scissor bite and anything less is a disqualification in any breed standard to include staining to the teeth either on top of the enamal or below the enamal seal.

Many judges do not question these issues and some do. Overall, the bite should be scissored, clean, white and tight to the close, missing NO TEETH in a conformation show dog and preferably a companion dog. That is not always the case and is in no way a reason to pass over a specific pup as ones companion. When a bite is "off" in a puppy of any breed, the pup is offered as a companion pup that can also compete in Agility, Hunting, Tracking, or Obedience if desired.

The photos below show a bite that was corrected to give flare to the lower canines in order to clear the topline in this Standard Poodle. There was palatal trauma to the inside of the mouth in this Standard Poodle 6 month old puppy and surgical intervention was needed in the form of braces to correct the bite and save further issues for this boy. This procedure pictured was performed by Dr Holmstrom Canine DVM, Santa Clara CA, October 2010.

There are 28 Deciduous puppy teeth, upper and lower : 2 (1 3/3 C 1/1, P 2/2, M 1/1)

There are 42 permanent teeth, Upper and Lower : 2( 1 3/3, c1/1, P 4/4, M 3/3)

When a puppy has base narrow canines that poke into the top of the palate causing palatal trauma, good practice would be to clip the tips of the lower puppy canines or have surgical intervention to pull the lower canines from the jaw of the young puppy. Many times this is done or should be accomplished by the breeder before the pup leaves their home.

This would be for comfort as much as for the sake of the adult teeth coming in to the outside of the puppy canines giving better advantage to the lower teeth flaring into a V and not needing additional surgical intervention such as braces, retainers or root canals/cutting and capping the adult lower canines.

We have used and highly recommend Dr Kohem, at Community Animal Hospital in Reno Nevada (775) 746-0333 as well as Dr Holmstrom in San Carlos CA Email: ToothVet@aol.com . Both Dr Kohem and Dr Holmstrom are Certified Vet Denticians and are experts in their field.

We have used our regular Vet, Dr Nelson in Chester for basic surgical intervention if we have the need to have teeth extractions and cleaning accomplished. Any follow up in as much as dental issues, we have used Dr Kohem and Dr Holmstrom.

Overall, bite issues are many times Cosmetic and are generally not covered by a breeder for companion puppies. It is best to always check the bite in any potential puppy before it leaves the breeders home and ask specifically what a Breeder that is selling puppies, WHAT IS COVERERED IN BITE ISSUES WITH COMPANION or SHOW PROSPECT PUPPIES?

    

    

We strive to breed the best puppies from Genetically Sound Parents, keeping in mind Great Temperment, Kind Disposition and we really PRAY for Beauty.

As we are not "Mother Nature" we cannot place puppies and guarentee they will be perfect.  We have MANY references available for your consideration and welcome all to our home to meet our dogs and see how we care, feed and train them. 

We do guarentee our ability to offer LIFETIME breeder support, LIFETIME genetic health support and to sum it up, "We Beleive in what we do and STAND BEHIND OUR DOGS!"

In an attempt to stay on the cutting edge of the industry, we have completed ongoing education by attending workshops given by Dr. Carmen Battaglia, Renowned AKC Judge, Breeder and Geneticist as well as Dr. George Padgett, DVM. (Dr. George Padgett, DVM, Geneticist and Professor of Pathology at Michigan State University and author of the book "Control of Canine Genetic Diseases," passed away December 2004. Dr. Padgett, through his teaching in his book and follow-up lectures at select dog clubs, provided me with my first information on Genetics.) I HIGHLY recommend his book as it will enlighten any breeder or canine genetic enthusiast that is seeking to improve the health in one's breeding program.

Dr. Battaglia           The Group

Charting       The Spread 

January 5-6, 2008,  AKC Judge and geneticist, Dr. Carman Battaglia, hosted a Seminar entitled, "Breeding Better Dogs" in Lodi, CA.

Emphasis was placed on breeding the best Health, Beauty and Spirit in one's dogs, with an emphasis in not endangering the weakness of the Breed.

Fun was had by all that attended, bad weather and all......"

We are always learning and making an effort to improve what we do in both the Care and Nutrition we provide to our Standard Poodles and Brittanys.   We have read and researched many publications that stress Predicting Exceptional Traits in Puppies, Pedigree Analysis, Stud Dog/Brood Bitch Selections, Understanding Genetic Diseases and Mutant Gene Components and Breeding Alternatives.

We  strongly recommend these books, publications and Organizations for additional information on Genetics and Canine Health:

Breeding Better Dogs Control of Genetic Diseases Canine Diversity Project
Dog Breeding and Management

Breeding Better Dogs, FIFTH EDITION

by Dr. Carmen L. Battaglia

Control of Canine Genetic Diseases 

by Dr. George A. Padgett, DVM

Dog Breeder's Guide to Successful Breeding and Health Management 

by Margaret V. Root Kustritz DVM PhD DACT

 

Poodle Health Registry Logo
Control of Genetic Diseases
Poodle Club of America

Poodle Health Registry

All Dogs are Carriers (Of Multiple Mutations)

by Mary H. Whitley, Ph.D

Poodle Club of AMERICA/PCA

National Poodle Organization


 

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